April 2019 \ Cover Story \ Cover Story

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a cosmopolitan country located in the heart of Europe with a thousand-year-old history and known for its multilingualism, its hospitality and its cultural diversity ...

  • The Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, Mr. Jean Asselborn, welcoming the Minister of External Affairs of India, Smt Sushma Swaraj in Luxembourg in June 2018 © MFA Luxembourg

The history of Luxembourg can be traced back to the year 963, when Count Siegfried of the Ardennes, founder of the House of Luxembourg, acquired the rocky outcrop, which today is at the middle of the country’s capital. On the remains of a Roman “castellum”, called Lucilinburhuc, he built a castle, which eventually became a towering fortress, also called “Gibraltar of the North”. During the Middle Ages, the House of Luxembourg produced four Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and several Princes Elect. The country has always been in the middle of Europe’s tumultuous history and gained its status of a Grand Duchy at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and finally its independence in 1839. It is today the last remaining Grand Duchy in the world.

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