July 2020 \ News \ Mongolia—column

2020 Parliamentary Elections in Mongolia ...

By Chanravyn Burenbayar
  • The winner Mongolian People’s Party holding its first press-conference. Photo courtesy: news.mn agency

The people of Mongolia made their choice as to who would run the country and manage their future, at least for the next four years on Wednesday, 24 June 2020, when the Eighth election to the State Great Khural – the Parliament, was held.

30 years have elapsed since Mongolia made a historic transition from a one-party, non-democratic system to a new free and democratic political structure with a multi-party system. During this period, the country held 7 elections to the State Great Khural and 6 Presidential elections.

The parliamentary elections in 1992 and 2008 were held under the majority system, while the elections in 1996, 2000, 2004 and 2016 were conducted under the first-past-the-post (where each voter votes for one choice, and the choice that receives the most votes wins, even if the votes received are less than a majority of votes) system, and the 2012 elections were held under the mixed system. This year’s Parliamentary elections were held under the majority system,as stipulated in the new Law on Elections of the Parliament of Mongolia, adopted in December 2019.

This time, once again, the voters decided to retain in office the ruling Mongolian People’s Party (MPP), which won 62 of the76 seats in the Parliament, however 3 seats fewer than in the last Parliamentary election in 2016. The single largest opposition – Democratic Party (DP) was left to be content with only 11 votes, just 2 more seats in the Parliament than in the last election, while only one independent candidate, similar to the last election, and one candidate each from newly formed alliances calling themselves the Right Person – Electorate Alliance and another bloc called Your Alliance, an alliance of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party, the Civilian Will Green Party and the United Party of Mongolian Traditions.

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