February 2022 \ Business & Investment \ BUSINESS AND GOVERNANCE
IMF projects India’s growth rate at 9%

India's economy is projected to grow by 9 per cent in the next financial year (FY23), retaining its position as the fastest-growing major economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reported on Tuesday citing its expectations of higher investments and consumption due to credit growth and better financial sector performance

By Arul Louis

“The new variant appears to be associated with less severe illness than the Delta variant, and the record surge in infections is expected to decline relatively quickly, and the Omicron effect will fade starting in the second quarter,” she wrote. Globally, the Update expected growth to moderate from 5.9 last year to 4.4 per cent this year, 0.5 per cent lower than the 4.9 per cent in the October WEO, and go down to 3.8 per cent next year. “The global economy enters 2022 in a weaker position than previously expected,” the Update said. While it said that a factor was the reimposed mobility restrictions in many countries as a result of Omicron, it blamed the higher broad-based inflation due to rising energy prices and supply disruptions and developments in the US and China, the world’s two largest economies, whose growth projections were cut. “In the case of the United States, this reflects lower prospects of legislating the Build Back Better fiscal package, an earlier withdrawal of extraordinary monetary accommodation, and continued supply disruptions. China’s downgrade reflects continued retrenchment of the real estate sector and a weaker-than-expected recovery in private consumption,” the IMF said.

The IMF cut US growth projection for this year by 1.2 per cent from the 5.2 per cent in the October WEO to 4 per cent. China’s growth projection for this year was cut by 0.8 per cent—from 5.6 per cent in October—to 4.8 per cent.

While India’s projected growth at 9 per cent sounds impressive, in reality it will have to make up for the shrinkage of 7.3 per cent—a negative growth—it recorded in 2020-21. The IMF prognostications for India’s growth are better than those made by the United Nations earlier this month. The UN’s World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) report said that on a fiscal year basis, India’s economy shrank by 10.6 per cent in 2020-21. It was projected to grow 8.4 per cent in the current fiscal, and moderate to 6.5 per cent in the next fiscal and to 5.9 per cent in 2023-24. But in the UN’s projections also, India will be the fastest-growing major economy this year.

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